1991 Ford F150 (Specs And Features)

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Sales were plummeting faster than Ford could cut costs, but the F-Series (led by the F150) was on its way to being the best-selling vehicle in America.

The 1991 F150 was the last year for Ford’s eighth generation of F-Series. Changes included a Nite Package (XLT Lariat) with striping. Improved corrosion in the side panels and an electronic 4WD are highlights of the year. Engines were EFI versions of the 4.9 inline six, 5.0L V8, and 5.8L V8.

Ford posted record losses in 1991 as auto sales plummeted nationwide. The economy was reeling with chronic unemployment, rising gas prices from Iraq invading Kuwait, and a complete lack of consumer confidence. Americans were sitting on their wallets as consumer spending dropped more than almost any other time in history. While Honda continued its dominance of the car market, and consumers preferred a used car over a new one, Ford’s F150 showed some signs of resilience. While truck sales still lagged, Ford could boast that things were worse for its competitors (Chevrolet lost $4.45 billion compared to Ford’s $2.1 billion). As Ford looked forward to a new generation of F-Series in 1992, it still had to weather the volatile economics of 1991. The road to being the best-selling vehicle had a few potholes, but Ford was steadfast in its commitment to the half-ton pickup truck.

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The Features of the 1990 Ford F150

Ironically, Ford’s slogan for 1991 was, “The best never rest.” Yet, it’s clear that is what Ford was doing with their beloved half-ton pickup truck. Years of wild profits and dynamic sales had made the company afraid to take chances. Ford chose to do only minor tweaks for the Ford F150. While Ford could brag about the quality of their truck (most believed them to be a reliable vehicle), the company angered customers by raising prices for the third straight year.


Ford did offer the “Nite” package as a new sporty package for the 1991 consumer. Designed to attract young Generation X buyers, it came only on the XLT Lariat and only in black. Multi-colored striping extended down the sides, and a Nite decal adorned the tailgate. Inside, there was a Nite badge plastered above the glove box.

Ford did make electronic touch 4-wheel drive (although delayed). The button inside the cab allowed drivers to shift into 4WD on the fly at any road speed. Many owners loved the new feature, allowing them to venture off-road even more than they had been doing.

Trim Levels and Cab Configurations

Ford kept its same trim levels in 1991 as it had for the entire duration of the eighth-generation F-Series. The Custom level was the base model, the XL was mid-range, and the XLT Lariat was the top-tier. The Nite package was a black XLT Lariat (only available as such) with some cool multi-colored light blue pinstriping.

The truck was offered in Regular or Super Cab (extended cab) configurations, with the choice of a 6 ¾‘ short bed or an 8’ long bed. Two-wheel and four-wheel drive models were available.


Ford had abandoned the blacked-out grille that graced the front of early eight-generation trucks (Custom and XL models) and replaced it with three chrome accent strips across the black main grille. The black bump strip adorned the front bumper of the XL and XLT Lariat levels. (The Custom had an argent bumper). EFI badging also appeared under the driver’s side headlight assembly to remind owners that their engines were now electronically controlled.

The general appearance of the eighth-generation trucks appeared smaller, even though that was not the case. (wheelbase is the same on seventh and eighth-gen F150s). As it had for years, Ford kept the straight lines of the F150, which aided wind resistance and fuel economy. Most F150s were Regular Cabs. The Super Cab did offer families more passenger room. A rear bench seat with the option for Captain’s chairs in the front was a popular choice for those owners who could afford the upgrade.

The cargo box was 70 inches wide, bigger than previous generations. Ford could still out tow and outhaul the competition (Ford trumpeted the max payload of 2505 in its 1991 sales brochure and tv advertisements). The total GVWR was still at a max of 6,250 lbs.

For 1991, Ford continued the twelve color choices it had offered the previous year (Raven Black, Colonial White, Dark Silver Metallic, Medium Silver Metallic, Scarlet Red, Cabernet Red, Emerald Green Metallic, Dark Chestnut Metallic, Deep Shadow Blue Metallic, Bright Regatta Blue Metallic, Desert Tan Metallic, and Tan). Most interiors were Charcoal or Light Chestnut, although you could occasionally get a Crystal Blue or Scarlett Red interior if it matched the right paint scheme.


An electronically fuel-injected motor had become the norm for automobiles and trucks. Ford continued to offer the 4.9L inline-six as the standard, with the 5.0L V8 and the 5.8L V8 as options.

Engine Horsepower Torque
4.9L inline-six EFI 150 hp @ 3400 rpm 260 ft/lb @ 1600 rpm
5.0 L V8 EFI 185 hp @ 3800 rpm 270 ft/lb @ 2400 rpm
5.8 L V8 EFI 210 hp @ 3400 rpm 340 ft/lb @ 2000 rpm


The five-speed manual transmission was standard for the F150, while most owners opted for the four-speed automatic.

Ford offered the automatic electric touch drive on 4WD on F150s (5.0 V8 EFI, automatic locking hubs, and automatic transmission were required). The system allowed drivers to shift on the fly from 2WD to 4-wheel high at normal speeds.

Interior and Trim Lines

The interior remained the same in 1991. Ford kept the bulky A-shaped steering wheel with an enlarged instrument panel to aid visibility. Environmental controls were located in the dash center, allowing drivers to reach all controls easily. The center stack did not have a cockpit feel, which Ford wanted. The controls seemed aloof from the rest of the dash.

The Custom trim continued to be the lowest trim level with no frills. The trim featured a vinyl (almost plastic feel) bench seat, black, vinyl steering wheel, and black rubber flooring. While the XL may not have had much, it did come with a standard AM radio. Cloth color-coordinated sun visors were only an option, though.

The XL trim level featured a cloth/vinyl bench seat with matching seatbelts. Wood grain inserts rimmed the instrument panel and comfort/convenience section. Color-key headliners and floor mats were also included.

The XLT Lariat included color-coordinated cloth seats (a vast upgrade from the other trim levels). Rich color-coordinated carpeting stretched over the flooring, and a specially wrapped steering wheel felt soft in drivers’ hands.  A dark wood-grain trim permeated the edges of the instrument panel and customer convenience area.

Many other options were available, including dual fuel tanks, air conditioning, an AM/FM stereo with cassette sound system and digital clock, extra insulation to decrease road noise in the cabin, and power locks or windows. Captains Chairs with a center console on the SuperCab models were another option.

What Are The Specs For The 1990 Ford F 150?

Item Specification
Cab Configurations Regular Cab
Length 194.1 “ (6 ¾ bed - Reg)
210.2 “ (8 ‘ bed - Reg)
216 “ (6 ¾ bed - SC)
232.1 (8’ bed - SC)
Wheelbase 117 “ (6 ¾ bed - Regular Cab)
133 “ (8’ bed - Regular Cab)
139 “ (6 ¾ bed - Super Cab)
155 “ (8 ‘ bed - Super Cab)
Max GVWR 6100 lbs (Reg cab)
6250 lbs (Super Cab)
Payload Capacity Regular Cab
2175 lbs (Styleside short bed - Reg)
2240 lbs (Styleside long bed - Reg)
1900 lbs (Styleside long bed-SC)
1715 lbs (Styleside long bed-SC)
Tires Radial P215/75R or P235/75R (opt)
Engine 4.9L inline six EFI (std)
5.0L V8 EFI
5.8L HO V8 EFI
Horsepower 150 hp @ 3400 rpm (300 inline six EFI)
185 hp @3400 rpm (351 V8 EFI)
210 hp @ 3600 rpm (351 H0 V8 EFI)
Torque 240 ft/lb @ 2400 rpm (300 inline six)
285 ft/lb @ 2400 rpm (302 V8 EFI)
315 ft/lb @ 2200 rpm (351 HO V8 EFI)
Bore 4.0 (All engines)
Stroke 3.98 (300 inline EFI)
3.0 (302 V8)
3.5 (351 V8 EFI)
Compression 8.8:1 (300 inline EFI)
9.0:1 (302 V8 EFi)
8.8:1 (351 V8 EFI)
Fuel Tank 18.2 gallon (std - Longbed) (16.5 shortbed)

What Is a 1991 Ford F 150 Worth Today?

The market for used cars and trucks from the 1990s is increasing. (Note that careful research should be done whenever investing in a classic car or truck). Hagerty states that a 1991 F150 in good condition is worth $11,300. (Vehicles in excellent condition are worth more). For a review of free listings of 1991 F-Series trucks on sale and their vehicle history, see the classiccars.com website.